"Puppy doodle" from a couple of years ago. Not really my forte, and certainly nothing to do with writing or editing, but thought I'd share it. If I remember, the original was only an inch or so wide.
The last time here, I posted a little about the various types or degrees of editing. I mentioned that we had covered or mentioned all but two, and we'll take a look at them now.
Either of these might be seen as a final check, an additional once over to make sure everything is perfect, that no sneaky typo, grammatical error, spelling mistake, or incorrect word as slipped by. We are talking about copy editing (reading) or proof editing (reading), and yes there is a difference.
Copy refers to the manuscript, what the author is going to submit and that the publisher is going to send to the printer. It's what the printer will work from to set the type for the printed/published version of the book. Depending on what era we are in, that could mean physically setting or positioning each individual letter, using a typesetting machine, or today, merely changing the format of the document via computer. Regardless of how the manuscript gets converted to the published format, it needs to be perfect. The typesetter/formatter can't be expected to make corrections, but rather is going to try to set it up exactly as it is given to him.
If we are talking about a physically printed book, the printer will generally print off a handful of copies and let the author and others take a look at them. These initial copies are called "proofs," so in checking them for errors, we are proof editing. While we would expect a skilled and experienced type setter to not introduce any errors, it does happen. and then again there are those that manage to work there way through the entire editing, rewriting, and revision process.
If the "typesetting" is done via computer, there is still a chance there will be printed proof copies, or the formatted computer document will act as a proof.
At the beginning of this look at editing, I mentioned self-edtiting, but that was about all. Next time I'll discuss it in a bit more detail.